Apartheid In Palestine
Palestine Advocacy Project uses the legal definition of 'Apartheid' to describe the structures the Israel government has imposed on Palestinians. According to the 2002 Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court, apartheid consists of inhumane acts of a character similar to other crimes against humanity "committed in the context of an institutionalized regime of systematic oppression and domination by one racial group over any other racial group or groups and committed with the intention of maintaining that regime." Article II of the 1973 International Convention on the Suppression of Apartheid states that the crime of apartheid "shall include similar policies and practices of racial segregation and discrimination as practiced in southern Africa” and covers “inhuman acts committed for the purpose of establishing and maintaining domination by one racial group of persons over any other racial group of persons and systematically oppressing them”
History of Apartheid
Apartheid (Afrikaner term for separateness) was a system of legal racial, economic and social segregation enforced by the government of South Africa between 1948 and 1994, under which the majority 'non-white' inhabitants of South Africa were dominated and oppressed, while the rights and privileges of white people were maintained.
The word has come to be associated with the brutal practice of the South African government during that time. There are similarities, as well as some differences, between what happened in South Africa and what is happening now in Israel/Palestine.
For more information about how Israeli government policy meets the definition of the crime of apartheid, visit ItIsApartheid.org.